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Zamia boliviana

A rare dwarf species from Bolivia, where it grows in open woodland on sandy, well-drained soils. Generally similar to the Caribbean Zamias rather than other species of the genus from South America, it sports a small crown of leathery, glossy green leaves with lanceolate leaflets to 1.5 cm (1/2 in.) in width. It can be expected to be a robust plant that adapts easily to cultivation in the tropics and in warm temperate regions and would also be most suitable as a potted plant.

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germination comments by our visitors
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Seeds from this species ...

... are easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
If the seeds are relatively fresh, they are relatively easy to germinate. When cleaning seeds, use a pectinase soak (90 degrees F) for 2-3 days. then mechanically remove the sarcotesta (the soft, red outer layer). The seeds have a super-thin sclerotesta (the inner, "woody shell"), so be careful to avoid cracking or nicking the seed. Soak the cleaned seeds in a strong fungicide, then germinate as you would any cycad seed. I use sealable plastic bags with a few table spoons of damp pearlite. As soon as each seed germinates, place it in a community pot. Some folks prefer sterile sand, but I use my regular cycad potting mix and mist the germinating seeds daily. Do not drench, use fertilizer, or insecticides. Keep the pot indoors in bright indirect light until all seeds have started to put out their first leaf. Mist daily but don't drench the pot. Then move it into shaded greenhouse or bright shade outdoors. Water once or twice a week, adjusting both water and light in small stages in response to the plants' behavior and appearence. Keep them in the commnity pot for at least 1 year.
Submitted on 19/09/2006 by Kraig Derstler kderstle@uno.edu

... are average to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Because the sclerotest is super-thin, this species easily overhydrated before germination. The sclerotest will split prematurely, subjecting the embryo to fungal infections. Once a seed germinates, it is relatively slow to become established, too, compared to more temperate Zamia's. So, start the seeds in drier conditions, and use antifungals (soaks or powder). Overall, a little touchy to germinate and grow, but worth the effort.
Submitted on 27/11/2005 by Kraig Derstler kderstle@uno.edu

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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