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Sclerocarya birrea

Marula

This moderately large tree in the Anacardiaceae family (and thus related to the mango, cashew and pistacio) is native to southern and western Africa. Its plum-sized fruits are yellowish when ripe, strong flavored, juicy and tart and locally popular in Africa eaten fresh or made into juice or jelly. They can be fermented to produce an alcoholic beverage and are also famously used in the delicious South African liqueur Amarula. The seeds are also edible and yield a high-quality oil. There is a host of other uses for the fruits, bark and leaves and the broad-crowned tree is a beautiful and robust ornamental for warm temperate and dry tropical areas.

 
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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are average to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Prepare a mixture of 1/3 clay, 1/3 organic matter and 1/3 sand and fill a pot with it .Place the seed in and cover it with a one centimeter layer of the mixture. Water it enough to keep it moisturized,but never soaked.The seed has normally, 2 or 3 viable embryos which will emerge in a sequence .After the first seedling emerges and gets totally out of the seed you can take the seed out and place it in another pot with the same mixture.Do the same as the second seedling emerges.Sometimes you can get 3 seedlings from the same seed.I didn´t use any pretreatment .the temperature was around 25°C.This method is based on my own experience. I was able to get 7 seedlings from 3 seeds.
Submitted on 03/07/2013 by Paulo Ferretti

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

 
       
 
We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches


Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.


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