This tree belongs to the Aralia family and is native to New Zealand, where it is found in forests up to about 750 m (2500 ft.). Young plants have a very curious look to them, producing a thin, solitary stem and very long and narrow, downward pointing, toothed leaves. Once a few meters tall, the stem begins to branch and the leaves take on a more normal, much shorter appearance. It is thought that this growth habit protected the plant against the now extinct moa, a giant flightless bird. Seeds need cold stratification for about a month.