Miro, Brown Pine
A medium to large conifer to about 25 m (83 ft.) tall, with a rounded crown and a straight trunk to 1 m (3 ft.) in diameter with flaky bark. The leaves are short, narrow, flat and needle-like, glossy dark green, the female cones each bear one large seed with a bright red, edible, fleshy covering that has an interesting, resinous flavor. P. ferruginea grows throughout the North and South and Stewart Island of New Zealand, mostly in the undergrowth of established forests to about 1000 m (3300 ft.). In cultivation it is easy and very shade tolerant but slow growing. It best suited for milder temperate climates in USDA hardiness zones 8 to 10. It has good quality, very durable wood.