A magnificent, large pine to about 55 m (180 ft.) tall with a straight trunk that can reach well over 1 m in diameter and is covered in thick, scaly, dark red brown bark. The crown is conical with mostly spreading branches. The thin, elegantly arching, needle-like leaves can reach a stunning 30 cm (12 in.) in length and are responsible for most of this plants beauty. The Chir pine is very common throughout the Himalayas from Afghanistan into Bhutan between 450 and 2300 m (1500 and 7500 ft.). Despite the great distance separating them, it is most closely related to Pinus canariensis, which grows only in the Canary Islands. Its wood is of good quality and has a wide range of applications. In the Himalayas, trees are often seen being tapped for resin. Seeds germinate easily without stratification and trees adapt well to cultivation in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 and above.