Pinanga capitata var. capitata
A smallish palm with slender, solitary or clustering trunks to about 5 m (17 ft.) tall. A small crownshaft holds a sparse crown of somewhat wispy leaves with about 16 pairs of unusually thick and leathery, dull green leaflets. The terminal pair on each side of the midrib is usually joined together and not smaller than the rest of the leaflets, giving the leaf an odd, square shape. It is native to the understory of montane rainforests above 800 m (2600 ft.) on the island of Borneo. On Mount Kinabalu it reaches altitudes of 3000 m (9800 ft.), perhaps the highest for any palm (excepting Calamus gibbsianus) in Asia. It will thrive in conditions suitable for Ceroxylon and some high altitude Geonoma from South America, but it can also be grown in all but the hottest tropical climates. It will succeed best where it can be afforded a protected position out of wind and too much sun. It is common enough in parts of Borneo that the leaves are sometimes used as thatch, a practice that requires a large amount of these fairly small leaves. The palm heart is reportedly also eaten in soup. Despite being rather common in the wild, Pinanga capitata is quite rare in cultivation, perhaps, in part, because its tolerance of cool conditions is virtually unknown.