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Philodendron bipinnatifidum

A well known, large, terrestrial Philodendron from southern Brazil and northern Argentina with big, pinnate, palm-like leaves.

 
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germination comments by our visitors
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Seeds from this species ...

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of excellent ornamental value
In SE Texas in USA they need very little care and grow normal.
Once established in the ground, Philodendron bipinnatifidum (tree philodendron) is quite hardy & requires very little care. Grown in the shade of palms & other trees for 12 years mine has survived short-term snows & freezes to 20F (-7C) to highs of 105F (41C), flooding rain & drought with very minimal damage to the leaves. Do not plant where it will receive full sun during the peak of the day. Think of it like an understory tree. I have observed many growing in full sun for the first half of the day that grow quite vigorously but are shaded after 12PM. If grown from a small potted plant (like mine was) prepare for it to eventually require from 6 to 10 feet (1. 8 to 3m) of space. First inflorescence was observed at about 5 years. In bloom, the large white spathe with a large upright spadix opens for two days before resealing itself for seed production. If seed production does not occur the bloom will brown and fall off. If grown in close proximity to where people may gather I suggest that the bloom be cut off if it begins to brown. It STINKS when it starts rotting! Some growers may need to take added precautions when handling the plant. Very few people are affected but some may have a reaction to the chemical alkyl resorcinol that the plant contains resulting in dermatitis. All handling the plant, especially if contact is made with the sap, should be careful not to rub their eyes. Contact with the eyes can cause conjunctivitis. Always wash your hands after working with philodendrons. In spite of that there is nothing to fear from this plant as these precautions should be taken with 1000's of other plants that are grown in the landscape. Unlike climbing philodendrons it has a trunk but, without added support, the weight of the top of the plant can surpass the trunks ability to hold it upright. The trunk can begin to curve toward the ground until it can again support itself and it will recurve upwards again. If given support until its large aerial roots from the upper portion of the trunk are allowed to reach the ground it can support itself upright at greater heights. The aerial roots can be trained in their direction of growth so that the trunk can be supported on the side opposite of its direction of growth - similar to installing stakes and ropes to hold a tree upright. Its amazing as to how strong the aerial roots are. I failed to do this with the main trunk on mine. It now has a 9 foot (3m) trunk of which 6 feet (2m) is laying on the ground. However, the effect it has fit perfectly with where it is positioned so I left it that way.
Submitted on 03/05/2009 by one of our visitors

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

 
       
 
We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches


Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.


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