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Hyphaene petersiana

Vegetable Ivory Palm

One of the most stunning of all Hyphaene, this species is found in savanna habitats in southeastern Africa to altitudes of 1300 m (4300 ft.). It has large, gray green, strongly costapalmate leaves with stiff segments that are held in a rounded crown atop a massive trunk that can reach 25 m (80 ft.) tall and is usually swollen in the middle. Typical for this species is the development of a single or twin trunk rather than the multi-branched trunk of most large Hyphaene. Mature plants carry large round seed. Like all Hyphaene, it is highly drought tolerant and very adaptable, and does best in a place in full sun in the tropics or subtropics.

 
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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

...easy to germinate and need up to 1 year to sprout.
Germinating this seed is not difficult but takes a long time. The roots are very long and don't like to be desturbed. These palms are to be found in the Ruaha National Park, Tanzania.According to local beliefs the fruit has to go through an elephants stomac before it will germinate faster, since I have been looking and have not found a seed yet that has gone through the elephants stomac I can not confirm this.
Submitted on 20/03/2005 by Hedy van Winkelhof hedy@iwayafrica.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Very interesting write-up including germination tips at this URL. Ordered 10 seeds from http://www.rarepalmseeds.com on 20Sep04 and received on 20Oct04 ˆ the normal time to get seeds to Atlanta, GA, USA. ***Soaked 2 seeds for 24 hours in Daconil solution, then to plastic bag in peat moistened with Daconil solution and kept at 30 deg. C. 1 seed sprouted in 45 days; other seed not yet after 109 days.***Soaked 1 seed for 7 days in Daconil solution, then to plastic bag in peat moistened with Daconil solution and kept at 30 deg. C. Seed sprouted in 27 days.***Put 6 seeds in toaster oven at 230 deg. C from times ranging from 1-10 min; then soaked in Daconil solution for 7 days, then to plastic bag in peat moistened with Daconil solution and kept at 30 deg. C. All seeds sprouted between 28 and 37 days, except for 1 heated 3 min. that has yet to sprout after 102 days***My theory is that heat did not help, but didn‚t hurt either. Removing outer shell and husk and then soaking seeds until they sink (4-7 days) works well.
Submitted on 06/02/2005 by John DeVeaux jd@s2ki.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
I found a very interesting write-up including germination tips at this URL. Ordered 10 seeds from rarepalmseeds.com on 20 Sep 04 and received on 20 Oct 04 ˆ the normal time to get seeds to Atlanta, GA, USA. On 20 Oct 04 for 2 seeds, I removed the outer shell and husk and soaked in Daconil solution kept at 30 deg. C. for 24 hours. Then placed each in a plastic bag with peat moistened with Daconil solution and kept at constant 30 deg. C.On 27 Oct 04 for 5 seeds, I removed the outer shell and husk and placed in small toaster oven at 230 deg. C. Removed 1 seed after 1 minute, removed 2nd seed after 2 min, 3rd seed after 3 min, 4th seed after 4 min, and 5th seed after 5 min. Soaked all 5 seeds in water kept at 30 deg C. for 7 days. Then placed each in bag with peat moistened with Daconil solution and kept at 30 deg C.YES!!! Yesterday, 24 Nov 04, I noticed first sprout, 8mm thick and 25mm long ˆ only 28 days from soaking seeds in water. It came from seed kept in oven for 1 minute. We certainly shouldn‚t draw any conclusions yet, but wanted to share this since the seeds were fairly expensive and I did not expect results nearly this soon.
Submitted on 25/11/2004 by John DeVeaux jd@s2ki.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

 
       
 
We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches


Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.


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