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Caryota urens

Jaggery Palm, Toddy Palm

Did you know that many cultivated trees labeled Caryota urens are actually misidentified? The true C. urens grows only in southern India and Sri Lanka and, despite popular belief, it is not commonly cultivated. Therefore, many cultivated trees are only called C. urens as it is the easiest name to apply to a large, solitary Caryota in a genus that is in desperate taxonomic confusion. What we believe to be the true C. urens is a large tree with a thick and comparatively short trunk, and huge, slightly ascending, rather flattish leaves (as opposed to more slender, trunked species with shorter, strongly tumbling leaf habit, such as C. maxima and C. "Himalaya"). As our seeds come from C. urens' natural habitat in S. India, you can rest assured that it is true to name. Taxonomic trouble aside, C. urens is a reliable and fast-growing palm, well suited to tropical as well as warm temperate climates.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Soaked in tap water with littl fungicide for 15days, and planted in moist pit in clear plastic container in 25-30c, Germinated in 20 days 85%.
Submitted on 19/12/2004 by Hamad Alfalasi Hmalfalasi@gmail.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
35% germination after 1 mo. in Ziploc bag at 95F-105F max and 65F-75F min. No presoak in 50%sand, 50%peat mix.
Submitted on 23/08/2004 by Al Freeburne FreeburnesHoney@cs.com

...difficult to germinate and need up to 6 months to sprout.
Slow to germinate plus only 2 of 10 germinated
Submitted on 04/03/2004 by Vincie Bowen alaye_98@yahoo.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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