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Bismarckia nobilis (Mayotte)

Mayotte Bismarck Palm

This interesting Bismarckia comes from tiny Mayotte Island in the Comores Archipelago north of Madagascar. Contrary to its cousin from Madagascar, which usually grows in drier landscapes, this form with its gigantic, tough, blueish-green leaves prefers the wet and windy coastal areas and in such we think it would have a big advantage over the regular Bismarck Palm. The seeds are also quite different, sporting small flanges or “wings” on ist sculptured shell. This form has probably never been on the market before and only a limited quantity is available from the few fruiting female trees on Mayotte.

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germination comments by our visitors
For general germination instructions click here.

Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Very easy 80% germinated within 1 month in Vermiculite at 42°C. ;)
Submitted on 30/07/2005 by Hamad Alfalasi hmalfalasi@gmail.com

...easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
Vey easy to germinate. I placed the seed after soaking for two days into peet moss in storage tubs. To date after 2 months insitu, I am germinating about 59% of a 100 seed count.
Submitted on 21/07/2005 by Mark Farrington mfarrin1@san.rr.com

...very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Put the fresh seeds in warm clean water ( 20-30 degree celcius) overnight. Rinse water out in the next day, put the seeds in captan solution in high concentration ( 1 spoon per 100 ml.of water) or ditnane M45 can be used aswell. Leave the soak seeds with fungicide dry in shade for about 1 hour . place the seeds in plastic bag (transparency) contain with coconut coir dust or sawdust that contain moisture (but not soak). the amount of coir dust must have enough to cover all seeds, close the bag still with some air inside. Place the bag in shade about 30-40% light. Germinated seeds will start in 10 to 30 days in tropical zone.
Submitted on 01/10/2004 by Mr Rojrawee Piromya rdgrwp@ku.ac.th

...difficult to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
This palm took about 8 weeks to start germination. I soaked the seeds in tap water and put them in baggies with desert sand and about 10% jungle soil. i watered once a week and checked on them every few days. at the end of 7 weeks, a root was coming out of one of the seeds.
Submitted on 21/03/2004 by anton chuidian wutang8364@yahoo.com

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of excellent ornamental value
In Lufkin Texas in USA they need average care and grow normal.
Bismarckia needs a large pot. If you see the roots coming out the bottom of the pot, but have no leaves - move it to a larger pot, and you will see leaf growth. This plant establishes its root system first, so you will really need a large pot to put your seedlings and small palms in.
Submitted on 30/10/2008 by Shirley Billingsley

... are of excellent ornamental value
In coral gables, fl. in usa they need little care and grow fast.
I found a group of them growing in a park by the water in down town miami and grabbed some seeds. I burried them and forgot about them. So many sprouted, I was surprised. Within 5 years and reguler fertilization they out grew my yard. They were easy and very beautiful, but not resistant to high winds as the fronds tear-up with ease.
Submitted on 01/09/2008 by RUSH

... are of high ornamental value
In north in Fiji Islands they need very little care and grow fast.
Very difficult to handle from seedling stage through to showing a trunk. They are very sensitive to root damage when being replanted or moved to larger pot or planter bag or to the ground. We only had a good success rate when palms were root pruned 3 to 6 months prior to moving. Half of the roots were cut and after new replacement roots appeared the remainder of the original roots were left attached as the palm was extracted. Even during transporting it is important to be gentle on the roots and not break any. The best method was to leave the palms lying on their side and not standing on roots. Once planted they grow fast and don't mind heavy wet soil and coastal conditions. It seems that wetter locations produce a darker green color.
Submitted on 10/02/2007 by Jim Valentine snlsavusavu@connect.com.fj

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If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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