A moderately sized conifer native to the southern Andes in Chile and Argentina, where it grows mostly as a pioneer plant on volcanic soils between 360 and 1500 m (1200 and 4900 ft.) or perhaps higher. It can reach about 20 m (67 ft.) or more tall and to 1.5 m (5 ft.) in diameter and produces a densely branched, rounded crown. The leaves are small and scale-like. While in its natural habitat it is considered threatened, in cultivation it is an easy to grow plant that prefers slightly acidic, well drained soils and will do well in cool temperate climates, withstand snow cover and moderate to severe freezes, around USDA hardiness zone 8. It is also a great subject to be trained as a bonsai. Seeds require soaking before sowing and cold stratification at 5°C (41°F) after sowing for 3 months.