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Araucaria angustifolia

Parana Pine, Candelabra Pine

A giant tree with a massive trunk between 25 and 50 m (82 and 164 ft.) tall. The crown of young plants develops a narrow pyramidal shape, but with age, the lower branches die and the crown becomes flat and candelabra-like. The thick, dark green or glaucous leaves have a sharp tip and provide the tree with formidable armament. The large seeds develop in cones to 25 cm (10 in.) long. The candelabra-like crown of this tree is a shape most typical of the forests of southern Brazil, where it grows mostly in the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande Do Sul up to 1800 m (5900 ft.). It is also found in São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio De Janeiro as well as in northern Argentina and Paraguay up to 2300 m (7500 ft.). It is a valuable timber tree and widely planted in South America and elsewhere today. The seeds are edible and most tasty if roasted. Araucaria angustifolia prefers a mild, warm temperate climate, acidic soils, and can take severe freezes.

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germination comments by our visitors
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Also see plant cultivation comments below.

Seeds from this species ...

... are easy to germinate and need up to 3 months to sprout.
some seeds germintae straight away but others can take quite a while. plant in community pots and allow minimum of six inch depth for root to grow down into and dont stab too deep into soil. Same germination as for araucaria araucana which is a very similar tree.
Submitted on 03/09/2010 by graeme ellis

... are very easy to germinate and need up to 1 month to sprout.
Choose seeds collected within 2 months, the bigger and more rounded of them. Cut 1/8" off the seed tip, it will make easier for the water to reach the cotyledons and also for the sprout to break out. Have them soaking under water for a day to start them, then plant them laying on a side 1-2" deep, not vertically, on rich soil well drained, compacted but not tight preferably on a square plastic pot 4"x4"x10" (as an Anderson Band). The root will sprout within 2 to 3 weeks or more, growing horizontally for about 1/4", then will turn down. A few days later, the root elbow will crack and the bud will start growing up, slowly first and then about an 1/8" a day. Eventually the seed will break away, it happened once accidentally, but I think that as soon the root and aerial are growing, the seed is not needed anymore. It is important to locate the seed so the tip of it is a little behind the center of the pot so the seedling will grow centered on the pot and the roots will be symmetrical. Keep it moist but drained. The growth of the root may push the seed above grade, depends on the compaction of the soil. When the seedlings are 8-10" they are ready to be transplanted.
Submitted on 28/08/2009 by Pablo Paredes

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plant cultivation comments by our visitors
Also see germination commnets above.

Plants from this species ...

... are of excellent ornamental value
In barkers creek,central victoria in australia they need average care and grow normal.
i have grown this in central victoria in australia and is harsh dry and hot in summer and very cold in winter down to minus four degrees celsius frosts in mornings. needs water and doesnt like temperature variations in soil or soil drying out so i grow this one in a gully with a winter creek supplying ground water,same as for araucaria araucana. have had issues with those damn kangaroos and wallabies eating the foliage even though the foliage should deter herbivorous grazer grazers such as kangaroos to even consider wanting to eat it but nonetheless a spectacular tree to grow for anyone interested in growing these dinosaurs.
Submitted on 03/09/2010 by graeme ellis

win € 75 worth of seeds
by writing a plant cultivation comment about how to cultivate the plants of this species. Click here!

If you wish to read more on palm cultivation, we highly recommend Ornamental Palm Horticulture by Timothy K. Broschat and Alan W. Meerow, available in our bookshop.

Ratings and comments reflect individual experiences and the views of our visitors. They do not necessarily describe the most appropriate methods, nor are they necessarily valid for all seeds or plants of this species. Germination and plant cultivation success depends on many different factors; nevertheless, these experiences will hopefully aid you in your effort to get the best germination results from our seeds and the best growth results from your plants.

We recommend:
The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft, Scott Zona

2nd edition
Completely revised and updated

Hardcover - 528 pages
11 x 8.5 inches

Our rating:
Suitable for: all

The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is the definitive account of all palms that can be grown for ornamental and economic use. Palms are often underutilized as a result of their unfamiliarity—even to tropical gardeners. To help introduce these valuable plants to a new audience, the authors have exhaustively documented every genus in the palm family.
825 species are described in detail, including cold hardiness, water needs, height, and any special requirements. Generously illustrated with more than 900 photos, including photos of several palm species that have never before appeared in a general encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms is as valuable as an identification guide as it is a practical handbook. Interesting snippets of history, ethnobotany, and biology inform the text and make this a lively catalog of these remarkable plants.

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